According to the World Health Organization, Cambodia has an average life expectancy of 67 years for men and 71 years for women, so taking care of the elderly is essential. According to the Ministry of Health’s statistics, in 2015 there were about 1.3 million people aged 60 and over, accounting for 8.3% of the total Cambodian population.
In his old age, he was prone to at least one of the chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, arthritis. Therefore, it is essential to conduct regular medical research and monitoring according to the advice of health professionals. Health checks and investigations include:
Blood pressure checks at least once a year
Blood tests for diabetes, obesity
Excess uric acid, kidney function, etc.
Heart disease research
Research for cervical cancer in sexually active women, or especially women between the ages of 30 and 65 and who have a history of first-degree sexual cancer
Bone mass measurement
Prostate screening for men at risk for cancer
Prostate and men are aged 45 and over.
In addition to the general medical checkup, the elderly need to be vaccinated enough.
Especially the flu vaccine and the pneumonia vaccine. At the same time, lifestyle is also a part of health care, both exercise and diet.
Food. Exercise such as jogging, walking, swimming, yoga or other activities can help reduce chronic pain, improve memory and improve sleep. An improper diet contributes to poor health, so he needs to eat a balanced diet, which includes carbohydrates (bread, rice, potatoes), protein-rich foods (beans, fish, meat), helps build the immune system and helps build strong muscles. Avoiding foods include sodium-rich foods (salty foods), fatty foods, caffeine, canned drinks, alcohol. Proper eating and regular physical activity can alleviate some chronic diseases.
In addition to physical illness, older people are also at risk of some mental illnesses such as memory loss, depression and other mental illnesses. Hence, relatives or service providers, as well as social workers, are responsible for taking care of mental health—seniors by encouraging and comforting him.
In short, physical and mental health care is essential for an older person to increase his or her life expectancy as well as people throughout Cambodia.